A Moscow court cleared the way on Friday for the government to ban Telegram, the messaging app, over its failure to give Russian security services the ability to read users’ encrypted messages.
Roskomnadzor, the Russian communications and technology watchdog, had asked the court for the authority to block the app, and for the ban to take immediate effect. It took the court all of 18 minutes to grant the request, after scheduling the hearing just one day before. Telegram had ordered its lawyers to skip the hearing in protest of the hurried process.
The ruling came a month after Telegram lost a lawsuit it brought against the Federal Security Service, or F.S.B., Russia’s equivalent of the National Intelligence service here in Kenya, which had demanded access to messages. In an effort to combat rising terrorist threats, the Kremlin pushed through a sweeping anti-terrorism law in 2016 that mandated providing the security services backdoor access to encrypted applications, among other measures
Telegram said last month that it now has 200 million active monthly users, many of them in the lands of the former Soviet Union and the Middle East. Because of its strong privacy protections, it has long been a favorite of the Islamic State and other extremist groups.
There was no immediate comment from Pavel Durov, the Telegram founder, a Russian who fled the country in 2014 after losing control of the Russian social network Vkontakte, which he had also created. He and other experts have said that the Kremlin is asking the impossible because encryption happens at the individual user level and there is no universal key.
The ban puts the Kremlin in a slightly awkward position because Telegram is widely used by government agencies, including by President Vladimir V. Putin’s press office. The Kremlin spokesman, Dmitri S. Peskov, after announcing his daily conference call on Telegram, first declined to comment and then said the company should follow the law.
“There is a certain legislation that demands certain data to be passed to certain services of the Russian Federation,” he said, adding that his office would switch to an alternative app as soon as Telegram stopped functioning. But government officials have said that it could easily be replaced. The Foreign Ministry announced that it was moving to Viber, another video and chat mobile app.
Telegram has the right to appeal, a process that could take from 10 days to a month. But the court gave Roskomnadzor the express right to shut the service down immediately, and it was not immediately clear which approach will be followed.