25 years ago, the first website was developed. The site was created by a 60-year-old British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1990. Berners-Lee was a researcher at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the site is still up today.
, provides information about the world wide web. The platform sits on top of the Internet, where documents and pages on the Internet can be accessed by URLs, and connected to each other via hyperlinks.
“When we link information in the web, we enable ourselves to discover facts, create ideas, buy and sell things, and forge new relationships at a speed and scale that was unimaginable in the analogue era,” Sir Berners-Lee wrote.
Websites have transformed the way people interact around the globe. Thanks to them, nations and business institutions are able to come up with amazing marketing strategies to capture their target audience. In the social world, people are able to conveniently communicate with one another.
The Telegraph reports, when Berners-Lee created the first website, the internet was a group of static documents, used almost exclusively by defense organizations and academic institutions. His proposal was supposed to allow electronic documents on the internet to be easily searched and shared.
“I found it frustrating that in those days, there was different information on different computers, but you had to log on to different computers to get at it.
“Also, sometimes you had to learn a different program on each computer. So finding out how things worked was really difficult. Often it was just easier to go and ask people when they were having coffee.
“Because people at CERN came from universities all over the world, they brought with them all types of computers. Not just Unix, Mac and PC: there were all kinds of big mainframe computer and medium sized computers running all sorts of software.
“I actually wrote some programs to take information from one system and convert it so it could be inserted into another system. More than once. And when you are a programmer, and you solve one problem and then you solve one that’s very similar, you often think, ‘Isn’t there a better way? Can’t we just fix this problem for good?’
“That became ‘Can’t we convert every information system so that it looks like part of some imaginary information system which everyone can read?’ And that became the World Wide Web.”
Berners-Lee is currently advocating for open web and net neutrality where people will have freedom to access the internet regardless of their source.