Capital Markets Reforms
They always say smart investors buy low and sell high. If you take this as the unwritten law of stocks investment then ideally Kenyans should be flocking stocks market with buy orders. Truth be told a number of investment blunders coupled with naivety have made people to be fairly risk averse in the sense that they cannot stand the thought of potentially losing money through investing. The outstanding cases being the Safaricom IPO and the pyramid schemes debacles.
Nothing rides the public interest in investment more than the notion of making lots of money within a short period of time. The unprecedented participation of domestics investors on Safaricom IPO, was based on the expectation that the Safaricom share prices would rise dramatically once the trading begins. Many months after that and they are still waiting, at the same time doing the market the honor of staying away from it.
NSE has become to be like a double-edged sword at the moment, share prices are low, some to the level that may represent a bottom, but with majority of Kenyans disappointed they are hesitant to jump back into the market. Who wants to buy Safaricom shares at Kshs.3.65 while there is still possibilities that it might as well go down further? It is widely assumed that the trick is to get Safaricom shares on winning trend and everything will be fine in NSE..
Demutualization of NSE
Kainvestor recently wrote a blog asking Where Did the IPO?s Go? Most companies which had plans to go public have reasons at the moment to be reluctant but not the demutualization of NSE. All the ills attributed to NSE trading can be traced directly or indirectly from the fact that brokers have tight control over the operation of NSE. The investors? confidence was badly shaken with collapse of Nyaga and Discount Securities stockbrokers. Up to date most investors who lost their money following the placing of Nyaga Stockbrokers Limited under statutory management have not got their compensation, which is shockingly limited to only KShs.50,000, regardless of the amount lost
Those who invested through Discount securities were told to wait a little longer to allow the audit process to be completed, although there is suspicion that after Nyaga investors receive their compensation latest by October this year, there might not be enough cash left for Discount Securities victims. The clear word coming out in the course of last week was the announcement that Discount Securities investors were to be moved to other stocks brokerage firms.
NSE announced sometime back that it will sell its shares to the public earliest by 2011 but will conclude the legal process of demutualisation? separating ownership and trading rights? by the end of this year. The year end is not far and I am afraid nothing seems to be happening on this front although I stand to be corrected.
Finance Minister Proposals
All that said, it is not all bad news as far as the reforms of the capital markets are concern. The budget speech by the Finance Minister Mr. Uhuru Kenyatta last month had some great proposals specifically for the capital markets.
1. 1. By December 31 2010, investment banks and stockbrokers will be expected to have increased their capitalization to Kshs. 250.0 million and Kshs. 50.0 million respectively;
Adequate capitalisation is generally considered crucial to a business’ financial stability since management can draw from the capital account to cover for operational losses during difficult times.
2. 2. The members are expected to publish semi annual and annual Financial Statements in at least two daily newspapers with national circulation and display the audited accounts in a conspicuous position;
The objective of financial statements is to provide information about the financial position, performance and changes in financial position of the stockbrokers, this will help investors to decide which brokerage firms are financially stable. The regulators will also use this to gauge the performance of each firm in the basis of the annual license renewal being carried out .
3. 3. A requirement to designate a compliance officer;
I am not sure exactly on how this would work out but I guess the officer will be primarily responsible for overseeing and managing compliance issues within stockbrokerage firms. For example, the officer would ensure that a firm is complying with CMA?s regulatory requirements, and that the company and its employees are complying with internal policies and procedures
4. 4. The taking up of professional indemnity that is not less than five times their daily average turnover.
Professional Indemnity Insurance is typically obtained by business professionals who provide advice to their customers. There is risk involved when doing this and better be in the safe side, just in case
On the other hand CDSC is currently getting the email addresses of the investors with the aim of sending them regular reports on their CDSC accounts valuations and standings. There is also talk of NSE installing standardized back office system for its members, to act as a link between the automated trading system and the Central depository.